China wholesaler Abr090 1stage Series Transmission Precison Planetary Reducer Gearbox for CZPT Motor, 0.75kw car gearbox

Product Description

Product Description

Ratio   : 3:1—10000:1 Backlash  : up to 3 arcmin
Output : up to 6000N.m Frame      : AB/ABR042-285

Output : Inclined Tooth Output Shaft
               Double support of deep groove ball bearing

ABR core feature

Structural feature

Reducer output planetary frame adopts integrated nut to eliminate axial clearance design, the front and back tapered roller bearing large span distribution and the whole box, forming a super integrated structure, to ensure the improvement of torsional rigidity and has a super strong radial bearing capacity and axial bearing capacity, using a processing process to complete, to ensure a very high coaxiality.

Gear ring of reducer adopts integral structure design.

Reducer gear ring, planetary frame, input shaft are made of 40Cr high-quality structural steel, hot forging process, so as to obtain higher material density, than the use of casting box, round steel, with higher strength, rigidity, toughness.

Gear characteristics

Real hard tooth surface helical gear, gear material is 20CrMnTi high quality alloy steel, after carburizing – grinding process processing, hardness up to HRC62, compared with ordinary steel 40Cr, 38CrMnTi surface nitriding treatment of gear has higher hardness, rigidity, toughness, wear resistance. The design and analysis technology of 3DSimulation is adopted to modify the tooth shape, tooth direction and follow the trimming, respectively, in order to reduce the noise of gear meshing and increase the service life of the gear train.

Application characteristics

Long span tapered roller bearing arrangement output integral planetary architecture, so that the product has strong radial bearing capacity and excellent axial bearing capacity, and has high rigidity. High precision applications, frequent start-stop and load changes are outstanding.
 

Installation Instructions

Precision planetary reducer – about installation

Application: Motor, Electric Cars, Machinery, Agricultural Machinery
Hardness: Hardened Tooth Surface
Installation: Vertical Type
Layout: Coaxial
Gear Shape: Cylindrical Gear
Step: Single-Step
Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

planetary gearbox

Challenges in Achieving High Gear Ratios with Compactness in Planetary Gearboxes

Designing planetary gearboxes with high gear ratios while maintaining a compact form factor poses several challenges due to the intricate arrangement of gears and the need to balance various factors:

Space Constraints: Increasing the gear ratio typically requires adding more planetary stages, resulting in additional gears and components. However, limited available space can make it challenging to fit these additional components without compromising the compactness of the gearbox.

Efficiency: As the number of planetary stages increases to achieve higher gear ratios, there can be a trade-off in terms of efficiency. Additional gear meshings and friction losses can lead to decreased overall efficiency, impacting the gearbox’s performance.

Load Distribution: The distribution of loads across multiple stages becomes critical when designing high gear ratio planetary gearboxes. Proper load distribution ensures that each stage shares the load proportionally, preventing premature wear and ensuring reliable operation.

Bearing Arrangement: Accommodating multiple stages of planetary gears requires an effective bearing arrangement to support the rotating components. Improper bearing selection or arrangement can lead to increased friction, reduced efficiency, and potential failures.

Manufacturing Tolerances: Achieving high gear ratios demands tight manufacturing tolerances to ensure accurate gear tooth profiles and precise gear meshing. Any deviations can result in noise, vibration, and reduced performance.

Lubrication: Adequate lubrication becomes crucial in maintaining smooth operation and reducing friction as gear ratios increase. However, proper lubrication distribution across multiple stages can be challenging, impacting efficiency and longevity.

Noise and Vibration: The complexity of high gear ratio planetary gearboxes can lead to increased noise and vibration levels due to the higher number of gear meshing interactions. Managing noise and vibration becomes essential for ensuring acceptable performance and user comfort.

To address these challenges, engineers employ advanced design techniques, high-precision manufacturing processes, specialized materials, innovative bearing arrangements, and optimized lubrication strategies. Achieving the right balance between high gear ratios and compactness involves careful consideration of these factors to ensure the gearbox’s reliability, efficiency, and performance.

planetary gearbox

Differences Between Inline and Right-Angle Planetary Gearbox Configurations

Inline and right-angle planetary gearbox configurations are two common designs with distinct characteristics suited for various applications. Here’s a comparison of these configurations:

Inline Planetary Gearbox:

  • Configuration: In an inline configuration, the input and output shafts are aligned along the same axis. The sun gear, planetary gears, and ring gear are typically arranged in a straight line.
  • Compactness: Inline gearboxes are more compact and have a smaller footprint, making them suitable for applications with limited space.
  • Efficiency: Inline configurations tend to have slightly higher efficiency due to the direct alignment of components.
  • Output Speed and Torque: Inline gearboxes are better suited for applications that require higher output speeds and lower torque.
  • Applications: They are commonly used in robotics, conveyors, printing machines, and other applications where space is a consideration.

Right-Angle Planetary Gearbox:

  • Configuration: In a right-angle configuration, the input and output shafts are oriented at a 90-degree angle to each other. This allows for a change in direction of power transmission.
  • Space Flexibility: Right-angle gearboxes offer flexibility in arranging components, making them suitable for applications that require changes in direction or where space constraints prevent a straight-line configuration.
  • Torque Capacity: Right-angle configurations can handle higher torque loads due to the increased surface area of gear engagement.
  • Applications: They are often used in cranes, elevators, conveyor systems, and applications requiring a change in direction.
  • Efficiency: Right-angle configurations may have slightly lower efficiency due to increased gear meshing complexity and potential for additional losses.

Choosing between inline and right-angle configurations depends on factors such as available space, required torque and speed, and the need for changes in power transmission direction. Each configuration offers distinct advantages based on the specific needs of the application.

planetary gearbox

Role of Sun, Planet, and Ring Gears in Planetary Gearboxes

The arrangement of sun, planet, and ring gears is a fundamental aspect of planetary gearboxes and significantly contributes to their performance. Each gear type plays a specific role in the gearbox’s operation:

  • Sun Gear: The sun gear is located at the center and is driven by the input power source. It transmits torque to the planet gears, causing them to orbit around it. The sun gear’s size and rotation speed affect the overall gear ratio of the system.
  • Planet Gears: Planet gears are smaller gears that surround the sun gear. They are held in place by the planet carrier and mesh with both the sun gear and the internal teeth of the ring gear. As the sun gear rotates, the planet gears revolve around it, engaging with both the sun and ring gears simultaneously. This arrangement multiplies torque and changes the direction of rotation.
  • Ring Gear (Annulus Gear): The ring gear is the outermost gear with internal teeth that mesh with the planet gears’ external teeth. It remains stationary or acts as the output shaft. The interaction between the planet gears and the ring gear causes the planet gears to rotate on their own axes as they orbit the sun gear.

The arrangement of these gears allows for various gear reduction ratios and torque multiplication effects, making planetary gearboxes versatile and efficient for a wide range of applications. The combination of multiple gear engagements and interactions distributes the load across multiple gear teeth, resulting in higher torque capacity, smoother operation, and lower stress on individual gear teeth.

Planetary gearboxes offer advantages such as compact size, high torque density, and the ability to achieve multiple gear reduction stages within a single unit. The arrangement of the sun, planet, and ring gears is essential for achieving these benefits while maintaining efficiency and reliability in various mechanical systems.

China wholesaler Abr090 1stage Series Transmission Precison Planetary Reducer Gearbox for CZPT Motor, 0.75kw   car gearbox	China wholesaler Abr090 1stage Series Transmission Precison Planetary Reducer Gearbox for CZPT Motor, 0.75kw   car gearbox
editor by CX 2023-09-25